Click to hear the notes. The natural letters will play a C Major scale, but only when you start on C. A chromatic scale uses all 12 of the steps in an octave. Thus, there is only one chromatic scale. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. Since you started on C, you can end on C. But these are the 12 notes that make up the scale. It is defined as the interval between two adjacent notes in a 12-tone scale (e.g. The chromatic scale contains 12 notes, and uses every single white and black note counting up from the first. It's time to show you their real names. Other scales like the blues scale, whole-tone scale, octatonic scale, and so on can all be classified as chromatic scales because of the foreign notes in their design. There are sharps (#) each of which can also be called a flat (♭). The notes are not consistently spaced and there are so few of them. No matter where you start, the fingering will be the same. Here is an example: C-C♯-D-D♯-E-F-F♯-G-G♯-A-A♯-B-C C-B-B♭-A-A♭-G-G♭-F-E-E♭-D-D♭-C . Major 7th: The 7th note of the scale is C#. Modern music demands a more flexible system. The Solution below shows the Db chromatic scale notes on the piano keyboard. At this point we've only been labeling the notes 1 through 12. This step shows the ascending D-flat chromatic scale, going from the lowest to the highest note in the scale. This system added 7 more notes to fill in the gaps while still including all the notes from the Pentatonic Scale. This step shows the D-flat chromatic scale going from the highest to the lowest note in the scale. Here are the notes in a C chromatic scale. Although there seem to be no generally agreed rules on how to handle this, one common music theory convention is to use sharps when ascending the scale ie. Why is this useful? For instance, playing three chromatic notes in a row would not be out of place in most genres; blues, rock, and jazz music all commonly use such phrasing. If I could go back in time, I would not name the notes this way. The Pentatonic Scale (below) that we just covered is limiting in a lot of ways. For this example - the chromatic scale in the key of Db, let's assume that we are working with a key that is on the circle of 5ths - Db major scale, which is a flat-based key signature, and we want to identify some chromatic scale notes outside that key. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the D-flat chromatic scale note interval positions, and choose the note names. Final Words Getting to this point in this lesson has made me to know that you’re interested in learning more about chromatic concepts. Listen & Play Along Each note is one Half-tone / semitone (1 piano key - white or black) away from the next one, shown as H in the diagram below. Here’s the Dm scale on the piano keyboard. The Chromatic Scale. D tonic note and one octave of notes. For both C major key signature and A natural minor key signature, there are no sharp or flat notes, so since there is no key signature, we have no clue as to whether to use sharp or flat names to identify any non-natural notes. Thus the Chromatic Scale was born. The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. This means that the interval between any two adjacent notes is exactly the same. This step applies the chromatic scale note positions starting from D-flat, so that the correct piano keys and note pitches can be identified. The word chromatic in music means 2 or more consecutive notes that are a half step (1 fret) apart from one another. It contains every tone between any one note and the same note an octave apart. The chromatic scale contains 12 notes, and uses every single white and black note counting up from the first. Here’s the D minor scale on the treble clef. The D-flat chromatic scale has 12 notes, and uses every half-tone / semitone position. This step gives note names to the piano keys identified in the previous step. Use the Chromatic Scale between chords. But since it's what we've been using for thousands of years, there's no real way around it. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. Well it means we can start a melody on any note. Unfortunately, I truly believe that the naming of the notes is why music theory is so difficult. There are 12 notes in the chromatic scale. For example, if a sharp-based key signature is used, eg. A guitar chromatic scale contains all 12 possible pitches before arriving back at the starting note name an octave higher.. The same principle applies to flat-based key signatures, eg. Perfect 8th: D (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the D natural minor scale. Start with the first note of the scale (B) Olay the note that is a 3rd higher (D) (= skipping one note of the scale) Approach the 2nd note of the scale (C#) chromatically from below (C) Go to the next note (D) and repeat the pattern; Most of the time the chromatic notes come from below the target note, in some cases from above .