The differences in definitions include issues such as spirit proof, minimum ageing, and even naming standards. By the process of fermentation, the yeast digest the sucrose and produce ethanol from the sugar cane juice, as well as another byproduct, carbon dioxide. [49] Additional equipment necessary for ethanol production includes a stockpot, hydrometer and if you’re interested in taking the sugar cane alcohol process one step further by making rum, a distiller. For dark rums, caramel may be added for colour. Pot still output contains more congeners than the output from column stills, so produces fuller-tasting rums.[2]. The fermentation of cane sugar or sugar cane juice will result in a sugar cane alcohol wine, which consists of a 6 to 11 percent alcohol by volume content. Cavalcante, Messias Soares. [27] The people would attend the hustings to see which candidate appeared more generous. The stalks of sugar cane are very rich in sugars, which are extracted mainly as sugar cane juice. Slaves from the plantations discovered that by fermenting molasses, a byproduct of refining sugarcane, they could create alcohol. When William Bligh became governor of the colony, he attempted to remedy the perceived problem with drunkenness by outlawing the use of rum as a medium of exchange. You'd probably have to age it for at least a year too. Christabel Lobo is a freelance writer focusing on all-things food, travel, and wellness. Despite these differences in standards and nomenclature, the following divisions are provided to help show the wide variety of rums produced. Dividing rum into meaningful groupings is complicated because no single standard exists for what constitutes rum. This drink is made of genuine dark rum (often high-ester rum from Jamaica), rectified spirit, and water. Other cocktails containing rum include the piña colada, a drink made popular in America by Rupert Holmes' song "Escape (The Piña Colada Song)",[55] and the mojito. take rum) can be given by the Queen as commander-in-chief, as occurred on 29 June 2010, when she gave the order to the Royal Canadian Navy as part of the celebration of their 100th anniversary. Mexico requires rum be aged a minimum of eight months; the Dominican Republic, Panama and Venezuela require two years. Boston, Massachusetts had a distillery three years later. [2] Essential alcohol for the manufacture of many different spirits. Premium rums are made to be consumed either straight or iced. Eventually the restrictions on sugar imports from the British islands of the Caribbean, combined with the development of American whiskeys, led to a decline in the drink's popularity in North America. The raw material can either be sugarcane or sugar beets, but only molasses from sugarcane is used in cooking and brewing. Distillers that make lighter rums, such as Bacardi, prefer to use faster-working yeasts. Some of the privateers became pirates and buccaneers, with a continuing fondness for rum; the association between the two was only strengthened by literary works such as Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island. says Jamaican master blender Joy Spence. Rum that has been aged for over a year will develop complex flavors and tastes that are otherwise absent in newly made batches of sugar cane alcohol. Sugar cane ethyl acetate (E.A.) Recipe for 10 gallons: If you want to make rum, you’ll have to distill the fermented mixture, removing its impurities and resulting in a clear ethanol with a higher alcohol by volume content. For rum, the ethanol from sugar comes by the fermentation of cane sugar or ethanol from sugarcane juice, resulting in sugar cane alcohol. Fill only up to 3/4 of the container’s entire volume, enough to leave space for carbon dioxide, one of the byproducts of fermentation, to effervesce. Molasses is a byproduct of the sugar making process. Grenada and Barbados uses the terms white, overproof, and matured, while the United States defines rum, rum liqueur, and flavored rum. While you can immediately drink the fermented sugar cane wine or further distilled rum, to get a dark, heavy flavoring you will need to age the rum for a considerable period of time. When aged in oak casks, it becomes dark, whereas rum aged in stainless steel tanks remains virtually colourless. You’re also going to need an airlock which you can easily buy online or make yourself using DIY instructions also available online. A number of local specialties also use rum, including Bermuda's Dark 'n' Stormy (Gosling's Black Seal rum with ginger beer), the Painkiller from the British Virgin Islands, and a New Orleans cocktail known as the Hurricane. proof spirit, when mixed with gunpowder, would just support combustion, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The world's best rum comes from these countries", "Rum makers distill unsavory history into fresh products", "Constructing Identities on the Frontier of Slavery, Natchez Mississippi, 1760-1860", "Navy strength - a nautical history, section Proving the Proof", Chapter 6 "Supplementary Income," para.0661 "Extra and other issues,", The Tyranny of Distance: How Distance Shaped Australia's History, "The drink that nearly knocked me out with one sniff", The Religious Monitor, or Evangelical Repository, "Types of Rum: A Closer Look at The Styles & Variations", "Consolidated Federal Laws of Canada, Food and Drug Regulations", "One Man's Quest to Make 20-Year-Old Rum in Just Six Days", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rum&oldid=990374669, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.